LAWS OF TERRARIUM
ter•rar•i•um (təˈrɛər i əm)n., pl. -rar•i•ums, -rar•i•a (-ˈrɛər i ə)
"A glass container, chiefly or wholly enclosed, for growing and displaying plants”
LANDSCAPE - This will determine the enclosure, open or closed, this will also determine the amount of sunlight and water it will require.
GLASS - Glass tall enough for plants to stand and grow and spacious enough for vapours to evaporate and condensate.
AIR RATIO - 70:30 is the magic number, 70% air, 30% soil layers is the perfect ratio.
SOIL LAYERING - Layering of soil is not a pretty gimmick but a functional one. In order from bottom to top, pebbles, coco fibre and soil. Pebbles prevent water from being spoilt, coco fibre filters the water and soil mix is not only a medium for the plants to grow on but also captures heat to allow for evaporation.
WATER CYCLES - As night falls condensation forms around the glass and sinks to the bottom, amongst the pebbles. Why pebbles?
As the sun rises, the temperature increases and water begins to evaporate and rise through the pebbles, the fibre and the soil into the plants until it’s trapped along the glass roof and the cycle repeats at sunset.
LIGHT - Light is the food of plants. Without a good source of light, your plants will gradually perish. Keep your terrarium in a high light, warm area, with no direct sunlight. Direct sunlight will burn the plants in your terrarium.
ARTIFICIAL LIGHT - If light is a problem in your home you may consider artificial lighting as an option. Terrariums will grow just as happily with artificial lighting.
TEMPERATURE - Temperature is an essential element to maintaining the perfect environment for your terrarium. The temperature outside plays a major role in maintaining adequate moisture levels inside. Your terrarium will be happiest at temperatures above 15°C.
15ltr Italian Demijohn Terrarium